Hawkeyes Host Arkansas State Saturday

Sept. 28, 2009

Complete Release in PDF Format

Iowa (4-0, 1-0) returns home Saturday, Oct. 3 to host Arkansas State (1-2) in its final non-conference game. Game time is 11:02 a.m. at Kinnick Stadium (70,585). A limited number of tickets remain on sale.

ESPN2 will televise the game to a national cable audience. Pam Ward and Ray Bentley will call the action. The game is also available via the internet on ESPN360.com.

Iowa games are broadcast on the Hawkeye Radio Network. Gary Dolphin handles the play-by-play, with color commentator Ed Podolak and sideline reporter Rob Brooks. The Hawkeye Radio Network includes more than 40 stations throughout the state. The game can also be heard on Sirius channel 129 and XM channel 141.

Iowa is ranked 13th by the Associated Press and 17th in the USA Today coaches poll. In pre-season rankings, Iowa was ranked 10th by College Football Insider, 15th by The Kickoff Magazine, 20th by Phil Steele’s College Football Preview, 21st in USA Today coaches poll, 22nd by the Associated Press, 23rd by Athlon Sports and 24th by Sports Illustrated. The current ranking is the highest for the Hawkeyes since they were 13th in the Associated Rankings on Sept. 25, 2006. Iowa is ranked fifth in the latest Sagarin Ratings. Iowa’s strength of schedule is rated 11th toughest and Iowa is one of four teams that has registered two wins against top 30 opponents. Around the Big Ten, Ohio State is ranked No. 9/9, Penn State is 15/13 and Michigan is 22/20. Iowa opponents Arizona, Minnesota and Wisconsin are listed among teams receiving votes.

Iowa’s eight-game winning streak is currently tied for second best in the nation with Texas. Florida holds the longest win streak at 14 games. Iowa won its final three regular season games a year ago (Penn State, Purdue, Minnesota) and defeated South Carolina in the 2009 Outback Bowl before opening 2009 with wins over Northern Iowa, Iowa State, Arizona and Penn State. Iowa has won its first four games for the third time in 11 seasons under Kirk Ferentz. Iowa also won its first four games of the year in 2003 and 2006. Iowa has not opened the season with five straight wins since 1995. Iowa has two nine-game winning streaks under Coach Kirk Ferentz (2002 & 2003-04).

Iowa’s first four opponents this season, Northern Iowa, Iowa State, Arizona and Penn State, have a combined record of 12-4, with all four losses at the hands of the Hawkeyes.

Iowa linebacker Pat Angerer and defensive end Adrian Clayborn have become the Hawkeyes’ fourth and fifth Big Ten Players of the Week this season. Angerer won the Defensive Player of the Week honor while Clayborn took the Special Teams award. Angerer, a 6-1, 235-pound senior from Bettendorf, posted a team-high 14 tackles against Penn State and recorded his first interception. He returned the fourth-quarter interception 38 yards, setting up an Iowa touchdown. He also forced a late game fumble to help assure the Hawkeye victory. It’s Angerer’s second league honor. He earned Player of the Week honors following Iowa’s win over Wisconsin last year. Angerer was also named Linebacking Performer of the Week by the College Football Performance Award committee. Clayborn is a 6-3, 282-pound junior from St. Louis. He blocked a Penn State punt early in the fourth quarter, picked it up and ran 53 yards for the go-ahead touchdown. It was his first collegiate touchdown. It’s also his first league Player of the Week award. Clayborn also was named ESPN.com’s Big Ten Special Team’s Player of the Week. Iowa’s other defensive end, Broderick Binns, was named ESPN.com’s Defensive Player of the Week. Binns forced Penn State quarterback Darryl Clark to fumble in the endzone and that led to a second quarter safety. He finished the game with eight tackles that included 2.5 tackles for loss and 1.5 quarterback sacks. It’s the fourth week in a row at least one Iowa player has been picked by the Big Ten as a Player of the Week. Iowa had a player selected for five consecutive weeks in 2002. Punter Ryan Donahue shared the special teams honor for his punting against Arizona. Linebacker Jeremiha Hunter won co-Special Team honors following Iowa’s season-opening win over Northern Iowa and defensive back Tyler Sash won co-defensive honors after Iowa’s win at Iowa State.

Iowa’s win at No. 4/5 ranked Penn State marks the first road win over a team ranked in the top five in the nation since 1990. That season the Hawkeyes scored a 54-28 win at fifth-ranked Illinois. Iowa, last season, defeated third-ranked Penn State in Iowa City. Iowa’s most recent road win over a ranked opponent was a 34-9 victory at eighth-ranked Michigan in 2002. Dating back to the 2008 season, Iowa has won its last four games away from Iowa City. That includes wins at Minnesota, Iowa State and Penn State and a victory over South Carolina in the 2009 Outback Bowl. In those wins Iowa has allowed just 23 total points.

With two blocked field goals in the opening win over Northern Iowa, Iowa tied a school and NCAA Div. I record. Iowa became the only Division I football team to block field goal attempts on consecutive plays. Iowa previously blocked two kicks during a game on five occasions. Most recently, DE Kenny Iwebema blocked two Syracuse field goal attempts in Iowa’s 35-0 win over the Orange on Sept. 8, 2007. On the national scene, Iowa tied the Division I record for blocked field goals in a quarter. Of the previous four occasions, none occurred on consecutive plays. Also with two blocked field goals in a single period are Southern Cal vs. California (10/22/94) and Arizona State (10/11/08); Wyoming vs. Fresno State (11/18/95) and Central Michigan vs. Kent State (10/2/04).

Iowa defensive end Adrian Clayborn is one of four nominees for the AT&T All-America Player of the Week award and AT&T* is relying on fans to determine who rules the gridiron. Based on outstanding performances over the weekend, Clayborn, Oregon TE Ed Dickson, Cincinnati WR Mardy Gilyard and NC State QB Russell Wilson have been selected by a panel of analysts from ESPN as this week’s top candidates. Fans can text message** VOTE to 345345 on their wireless phone to opt in for the chance to vote. Clayborn had two tackles and a blocked punt returned for a touchdown in Iowa’s 21-10 upset over fifth-ranked Penn State. His 53-yard touchdown return gave Iowa an 11-10 lead in the fourth quarter. Fans have until 11:59 p.m. ET on Wednesday to submit their votes. The winner will be announced during Thursday’s ESPN College Football Primetime Presented by Applebee’s. Standard text messaging rates apply. There is no limit on fan voting and each vote counts as one entry into a sweepstakes to win a trip to the 2010 Bowl Championship Series National Championship game in Pasadena, Calif. Full sweepstakes rules can be found at www.espnallamerica.com/rules.aspx.

Hawkeye fans not able to attend the Arkansas State game Oct. 3 can log on to hawkeyesports.com and have a chance to be interactive. The Iowa Sports Information staff will be blogging live from the press box during the game. Hawkeye fans can log on to hawkeyesports.com and click on the blog story and follow along. Fans will have the opportunity to submit questions and comments, answer quick polls and get up-to-the-minute information about the game and Hawkeyes. hawkeyesports.com received over 2,700 unique readers and registered over 3,000 reader comments during the football game day live blog of Iowa’s opening game of the season.

Iowa has played 1,120 games since beginning football in 1889. Iowa’s overall record is 572-509-39 (.528). That includes a 361-198-16 (.642) record in home games, a 211-311-23 (.410) record in games away from Iowa City, a 281-343-25 (.454) mark in Big Ten games and a 244-162-15 (.597) record in Kinnick Stadium.

Tickets remain for all Iowa home games except the Homecoming contest vs. Michigan (Oct. 10). Tickets remain for Arkansas State, Indiana, Northwestern and Minnesota. Fans may purchase tickets online at hawkeyesports.com, by calling 1-800-IA-HAWKS or in person at the UI athletic ticket office in Carver-Hawkeye Arena. Iowa has sold over 10,000 student season tickets for the 2009 season. The Iowa record for average home attendance is 70,585, set in 2005, 2006 and 2007.

Iowa’s Leadership Group for the 2009 season includes three seniors, four juniors, four sophomores, two redshirt freshmen and one true freshman. Permanent team captains are named at the conclusion of each season. The Leadership Group for this season includes seniors Pat Angerer, A.J. Edds and Tony Moeaki; juniors Bryan Bulaga, Adrian Clayborn, Brett Greenwood and Ricky Stanzi, sophomores Broderick Binns, Marvin McNutt, Tyler Nielsen and Tyler Sash, redshirt freshmen Greg Castillo and James Vandenberg and true freshman Keenan Davis.

Iowa has posted a 7-8 record while playing on Oct. 3. Iowa defeated Drake 32-0 in 1896, Iowa Teachers 29-0 in 1903 and 43-3 in 1914, Arkansas 26-0 in 1925, Washington State 54-12 in 1953, Washington 28-18 in 1984 and Northwestern 64-0 in 1981. Iowa lost to Pittsburgh 20-0 in 1931, Northwestern 18-7 in 1936, Great Lakes 25-0 in 1942, Northwestern 14-10 in 1959, Arizona 17-10 in 1970, Michigan State 19-14 in 1987 and Michigan 52-28 in 1992 and 12-9 in 1998.

Iowa has won 40 of its last 48 games (.830) in Kinnick Stadium, dating back to the 2002 season. The eight Hawkeye losses came to Western Michigan (28-19 in 2007), Indiana (38-20 in 2007), Michigan (23-20 in overtime in 2005), Ohio State (38-17 in 2006), Northwestern (21-7 in 2006 and 22-17 in 2008), Wisconsin (24-21 in 2006) and Iowa State (36-31 in 2002). Iowa recorded a school-record 22-game home winning streak between 2002-05. Iowa’s 32-7 (.821) home record from 2003 thru 2008 ties West Virginia for 15th-best nationally and ranks third in the Big Ten.

This is the first meeting between the two teams.

COACH Kirk Ferentz
Kirk Ferentz (pronounced FAIR-rintz, rhymes with parents) is in his 11th season as head football coach at the University of Iowa. His latest contract extension, signed this past summer, runs through the 2015 season. Ferentz was honored as the 2002 Associated Press and Walter Camp National Coach of the Year and was the AFCA Regional Coach of the Year that season as well. He was named Big Ten Conference Coach of the Year in both 2002 and 2004. Ferentz guided Iowa to Big Ten titles twice in the last seven years and five January bowl games, including three New Year’s Day bowl victories (2004 Outback Bowl, 2005 Capital One Bowl and 2009 Outback Bowl). Iowa has posted a 63-29 (.692) overall mark and a 37-20 (.649) Big Ten record the last seven-plus seasons. Ferentz has guided the Hawkeyes to seven first division finishes. Ferentz, at Iowa, holds an overall record of 74-53 (.583) and a 44-37 (.543) mark in Big Ten games. In 13 seasons as a college head coach his career mark is 86-74 (.538). Ferentz, who boasts the second-most victories by a Hawkeye head coach, coached his 150th career game as a head coach at Indiana (Oct. 11, 2008). Forty-five of Iowa’s 127 games under Ferentz have been decided by seven points or less (21-24) and 37 were played against opponents who were ranked in the top 25 at the time (15-22). Ferentz joined the Iowa staff after serving as assistant head coach and offensive line coach of the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League. He had been part of the Baltimore (Cleveland Browns prior to the move) staff for six years. Ferentz was named head coach of the Maine Bears in 1990 and held that position for three years. Ferentz was a member of Hayden Fry’s Iowa staff for nine years as offensive line coach (1981-89). He coordinated Iowa’s running game during his first coaching stint with the Hawkeyes. Iowa appeared in eight bowl games during the time Ferentz was an Iowa assistant, posting a 4-4 record. A pair of Rose Bowls (1982 & 1986), two Holiday Bowl appearances (1986 & 1987) and a pair of Peach Bowl visits (1982 & 1988), along with appearances in the Gator (1983) and Freedom bowls (1984) highlighted his previous Iowa stay. Iowa’s record in those nine years was 73-33-4 and included two 10-win and two nine-win seasons. Ferentz was born in Royal Oak, MI, and attended high school in Pittsburgh, PA. Kirk earned his bachelor’s degree in English Education from the University of Connecticut in 1978, where he was a football captain. Kirk received the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the Neag School of Education at the University of Connecticut in May, 2009. He was inducted into the Upper St. Clair High School Hall of Fame in September, 2002 and the Western Chapter of the Pennsylvania Sports Hall of Fame in May, 2003.

Steve Roberts is in his eighth season as the head coach at Arkansas State. The Red Wolves competed in the 2005 New Orleans Bowl and have been bowl eligible three of the last four seasons. Roberts was recognized as the Sun Belt Coach of the Year in 2005. Roberts holds a 38-49 record at Arkansas State. He is in his 16th year as a college head coach with an 87-82-1 overall record. Roberts posted a 14-9 record in two seasons (2000-01) as the head coach at Northwestern State (LA) and his record was 35-24-1 in six seasons as the head coach at Southern Arkansas (1994-99).

Iowa will play three games under the lights in 2009. Iowa won at Penn State (21-10 on ABC national) in its first night contest. Additional night games include the Homecoming contest vs. Michigan (7:12 p.m. CT, Oct. 10, ABC/ESPN) and the road game at Michigan State (6 p.m. CT, Oct. 24, BTN). Iowa’s most recent night game in Kinnick Stadium was a 35-0 win over Syracuse on Sept. 8, 2007.

The 2009 college football season will feature 14 Division I games in which a head coach is facing his alma mater. Iowa is the only team that will face two opponents that are being coached by former players. Iowa defeated Arizona 27-17 Sept. 19 in Iowa City. The Wildcats are coached by former Hawkeye Mike Stoops (1981, 1983-84). Former Hawkeye Bret Bielema (1989-92) is the head coach at Wisconsin (Oct. 17, at Madison).


  • Arkansas State officially changed its mascot to the Red Wolves on March 3, 2008. Previously ASU athletic teams were recognized as the Indians.
  • Arkansas State is a member of the Sun Belt Conference for the ninth year after joining the league for the 2001 season. ASU competed in Division I-AA from 1982-91.
  • Arkansas State represented the Sun Belt Conference in the New Orleans Bowl in 2005. As a Division I-AA program, ASU competed in the playoffs from 1984-87. ASU advanced to the national title game in 1986 and fell to Northern Iowa in the quarter-finals in 1987.
  • Arkansas State will play three of four non-conference games against teams from major BCS conferences. Arkansas State lost at Nebraska (38-9) on Sept. 12 and plays at Louisville Oct. 31. Last season the Red Wolves won at Texas A&M (18-14) and lost at Alabama (0-35).
  • RB Reggie Arnold is tied for first nationally in scoring (14.0) and is third among active NCAA career rushing leaders. Arnold, this season, could become just the eighth player in NCAA history to rush for over 1,000 yards in four seasons. He is averaging 80.3 yards per game in 2009.
  • ASU is averaging 190.3 rushing yards per game. The Red Wolves rank 25th in rushing defense (100.0) and are tied for 25th in tackles for loss.
  • PK Josh Arauco ranks fifth among active NCAA players in career field goals. He was 2-2 last week vs. Troy.
  • QB Corey Leonard ranks 13th among active NCAA career leaders in total offense.
  • With 122 yards on four KO returns last week, WR Brandon Thompkins has surpassed 2,000 career kickoff return yards. Thompkins ranks 25th in the nation in KO returns (28.5) and Daylan Walker is tied for 15th in punt returns (16.0).


  • Iowa and Arkansas State played one common foe last season, Florida International. The Hawkeyes won 42-0 in Iowa City, while Arkansas State lost 22-21 at Florida International.
  • While Arkansas State has not played Iowa, the Red Wolves have faced Northern Iowa (0-1) and Drake (4-0-1) from the state of Iowa.
  • Iowa has played just one game against current members of the Sun Belt Conference, defeating Florida International (42-0) last Sept. 6 in Iowa City.
  • Arkansas State is 0-4 all-time against the Big Ten, having lost twice to Illinois and Minnesota.

Iowa scored the final 21 points of the game after trailing 10-0 in the first period in taking a 21-10 win at No. 4/5 Penn State on national television. A steady rain began early in the day and continued throughout the prime time contest. Penn State scored on a 79-yard pass play on its first offensive play to take a 7-0 advantage. Following an interception, the Nittany Lions used a 20-play drive to move into field goal position for a 10-0 advantage in the final minute of the opening period. PSU held the ball for 10:28 of the first quarter. Iowa’s defense began to take control early in the second period. With Penn State in poor field position, Iowa DE Broderick Binns forced a fumble in the endzone, which resulted in a safety, leaving Iowa behind, 10-2. Daniel Murray added a 41-yard field goal later in the period and Iowa trailed 10-5 at halftime. Neither team was able to gain an advantage in the third period before Iowa’s defense dominated the final 15 minutes. Iowa forced a PSU punt with 12:21 remaining and DE Adrian Clayborn blocked the kick. Clayborn then recovered the loose ball and scored on a 53-yard return to give Iowa its first advantage of the night at 11-10. From there, Penn State’s next three drives ended with an interception, a lost fumble and another interception. Iowa turned those mistakes into an additional 10 points. RB Adam Robinson scored on a 13-yard run with 8:32 remaining to give Iowa an 18-10 advantage. Murray added a 31-yard field goal with eight seconds left to seal Iowa’s second straight win over the Nittany Lions. Penn State held a narrow 307-298 advantage in total offense, but Iowa rushed for 163 yards and held the ball for over 30 minutes. Penn State had not allowed a rushing touchdown in its first three games and had yielded just 20 total points. Robinson rushed for 88 yards and had three receptions for 46 yards. The Iowa defense forced three turnovers in addition to the blocked punt while holding the Nittany Lion offense in check following the big play in the opening minutes of the contest. LB Pat Angerer led the Iowa defense with 14 tackles. He added one of the pass interceptions and caused a Penn State fumble. OLB A.J. Edds and DE Shaun Prater also had interceptions. Binns had eight tackles to go with his forced fumble and LB Jeremiha Hunter added 12 tackles.


  • With the win, Iowa improves to 4-0 on the season for the third time under Kirk Ferentz (2003, 2006). Iowa evens the all-time series against Penn State at 11-11, winning eight of the last 11 meetings. Iowa has won five of the last six meetings at University Park and stands 7-4 overall at Penn State.
  • Iowa has defeated Penn State in each of the last two seasons, with the Nittany Lions being ranked in the top five in the nation both seasons. In 2008 Penn State was ranked third, while last week the Nittany Lions were ranked fourth. In the two games, Iowa held a 26-0 scoring advantage in the fourth period. It was a 10-0 advantage in 2008 when Iowa won on a last second field goal. Last week, Iowa trailed 10-5 heading into the fourth period before scoring 16 points.
  • The game was a sellout (109,316). The attendance marks the fourth largest crowd to see an Iowa football game. The largest three crowds for Iowa football, all over 110,000, were at Michigan Stadium.
  • Penn State, with a 79-yard passing touchdown on its first offensive play of the game, became the first Iowa opponent in 17 games to score on its first possession.
  • Instant replay was used once in the second period and once in the third. A Penn State pass was ruled incomplete, and the call on the field was upheld in the first period. Later, the call on the field of a PSU interception was also upheld.
  • Junior WR Derrell Johnson-Koulianos returned to action after missing the Arizona game. Junior OL Bryan Bulaga missed his third straight game and senior TE Tony Moeaki missed his second straight. DJK extended his streak of 10 straight catches, against PSU, resulting in a first down. He led Iowa receivers with three receptions for 50 yards.
  • Iowa started the exact same line-up (both offense and defense) for the second straight week, marking the first time this season all 22 starters have been the same in consecutive weeks.
  • Iowa’s first points of the game came on a safety, due to a fumble caused by DE Broderick Binns on a hit to QB Darryll Clark. The safety is the first for Iowa since OLB A.J. Edds tackled the Maine quarterback in the endzone of the opening game of the 2008 season in Iowa City.
  • Iowa scored its first touchdown on a 53-yard blocked punt return by junior DE Adrian Clayborn. The touchdown on the blocked punt is the first for Iowa since Sean Considine had a seven-yard return for a score in Iowa’s win over LSU in the 2005 Capital One Bowl.
  • The blocked punt by Clayborn is Iowa’s first of the season. Clayborn had a blocked field goal as a freshman in 2007 in a win at Northwestern. The touchdown is the first of his career.
  • Senior LB Pat Angerer had his first interception of the season in the fourth quarter (38-yard return), leading to Iowa’s second touchdown of the period. Angerer tied for the team lead last season with five interceptions for 34 yards. Later against PSU, Angerer forced a fumble that was recovered by DT Karl Klug. He finished the game with 14 tackles.
  • Iowa’s defense allowed just one touchdown at Penn State, that on the first play of the game. Iowa has not allowed a rushing touchdown in 29 consecutive periods, dating back to the third period of the win over Penn State a year ago in Iowa City. Penn State ended the game with 307 yards total offense. Following PSU’s 79-yard scoring play to start the game, Iowa allowed the Nittany Lions just 62 net yards the remainder of the first half. Iowa held Penn State without a first down in the second period.
  • Iowa’s tailback tandem of Adam Robinson and Brandon Wegher were effective, combining to rush 33 times for 161 yards. Robinson, a redshirt freshman, rushed 19 times for 88 yards and a score and also had three receptions for 46 yards. Wegher, a true freshman, had 14 rushed for 73 yards. Wegher also had a 25-yard KO return and his 28-yard run in the first half is the longest of his career.
  • Including the blocked punt, Iowa forced turnovers on four consecutive Penn State possessions in the fourth period. Iowa has recorded at least one takeaway in 37 of its last 39 games, dating back to the 2006 campaign. Iowa has had at least one takeaway in 17 straight games, dating back to the final contest of the 2007 season.
  • Iowa was 2-2 in the redzone at Penn State, scoring a rushing touchdown and a field goal. Iowa has scored on 44 of its last 46 red zone possessions (30 TDs and 14 FGs), dating back to the Michigan State game in 2008. Iowa is 25-26 inside the red zone its last six games.
  • Iowa scored 16 points following Penn State’s turnovers, including the touchdown after the blocked punt. Iowa added a rushing touchdown and a field goal following fourth quarter interceptions, but did not score following a fumble recovery.
  • Penn State scored three points following two Iowa turnovers, both pass interceptions. Iowa opponents have scored 16 points following seven Iowa turnovers (five interceptions, two fumbles).
  • Junior PK Daniel Murray connected on a 41-yard field goal in the second period and a 31-yarder in the fourth period. Murray made two field goals in a game for the second straight week and the sixth time in his career. Murray is 5-7 on field goals this season after making one of two in the win over Northern Iowa and missing a 42-yard attempt at the end of the second period vs. Penn State. He is also perfect on the season in PAT attempts (11-11).
  • Junior QB Ricky Stanzi completed 11-26 passes for 135 yards. He now ranks 12th in career passing yards (2,735) after passing Scott Mullen and Randy Duncan. Both of his interceptions against Penn State came off deflections.

Arkansas State led 10-0, trailed 23-10 and regained the lead at 27-23 early in the fourth period, but Troy answered with a final touchdown with 7:53 to play to hand the Red Wolves a 30-27 defeat in the first Sun Belt Conference game for the two teams. Arkansas State had one possession after falling behind in the fourth period, but was forced to punt with 5:52 remaining. Troy was able to control the ball the rest of the way to secure the win. Troy was able to shut down the Arkansas State running game, which had ranked among the national leaders. Arkansas State rushed for just 70 yards in the contest and ASU had just 305 yards total offense. Troy’s offense totaled over 500 yards but missed scoring opportunities due to three lost fumbles. ASU QB Corey Leonard completed 12-24 passes for 190 yards and one touchdown, while WR Brandon Thompkins had 82 receiving yards on four catches. Thompkins also had 122 yards on four KO return. The Arkansas State defense was led by Jaquan Kilcrease with 12 tackles, while Demario Davis added nine stops.


  • Iowa’s defense has been solid through four games. After allowing one touchdown in the opening win (second period), the Hawkeye defense did not allow a touchdown for nine straight quarters. That streak ended late in the win over Arizona when the Wildcats scored with 1:53 to play.
  • Penn State scored a touchdown on its first offensive play last week, but was only able to add a field goal later in the first period before being shutout over the final three quarters.
  • Dating back to 2008, Iowa’s defense has not allowed a rushing touchdown in 29 consecutive quarters, including the final 13 quarters last season and 16 quarters this season. Penn State, with a touchdown in the third period of the game last Nov. 8, is the last team to score a rushing touchdown against the Iowa defense.
  • Iowa ranks sixth nationally in pass efficiency defense (84.7), eighth in scoring defense (11.5), tied for 13th in turnover margin (1.3), 16th in net punting (39.9), 32nd in pass defense (171.5) and 33rd in total defense.
  • Penn State had no first downs in the second period. In the fourth period, four consecutive PSU drives ended with a blocked punt (returned for an Iowa touchdown), interception, lost fumble and interception.
  • The Iowa defense held Arizona to eight first downs, 148 net rushing yards, 253 yards total offense and 2-12 on third down conversions.
  • Iowa is plus four in turnover margin through four games, with nine interceptions. Iowa had five interceptions at Iowa State and three at Penn State.
  • Linebackers Pat Angerer and A.J. Edds are the only senior starters on the Iowa defense. Both had pass interceptions at Penn State, with Angerer also causing a fumble and leading the team with 14 tackles.


  • Iowa’s offense has been able to start the same line-up in the last two games and the same five offensive linemen in the last three contests. That line includes senior center Rafael Eubanks, senior guard Dace Richardson and junior guard Julian Vandervelde, senior tackle Kyle Calloway and redshirt freshman tackle Riley Reiff.
  • The offensive line led the way for the Hawkeyes to rush for 163 net yards in the win at Penn State, against a PSU defense that had ranked among the national leaders and had not given up a rushing touchdown in the first three games.
  • Iowa’s running back tandem of Adam Robinson and Brandon Wegher gives the team a balanced attack. Robinson leads the team by averaging 80.2 yards per game, while Wegher averages 55.0. Robinson has scored four touchdowns and Wegher two. Both have proven to be capable receivers.
  • In the 35-3 win at Iowa State, Iowa quarterbacks Ricky Stanzi and James Vandenberg completed passes to 12 different receivers. That is the highest number of Iowa players to have at least one reception in a game since 13 different Hawkeyes had at least one reception in a 43-7 win over Iowa State Sept. 13, 1986 in Kinnick Stadium.
  • Earlier this season the 12 players included seven wide receivers, three tight ends, one running back and one fullback. In 1986 the 13 receivers included seven wide receivers, three running backs, two tight ends and one fullback.

Iowa has used three true freshmen this season. They are DB Micah Hyde, RB Brandon Wegher and WR Keenan Davis. Wegher and Davis both scored touchdowns in Iowa’s win at Iowa State and Wegher added a touchdown vs. Arizona. Wegher (15-101 at ISU) became the second Iowa RB in two seasons to rush for over 100 yards in a game as a true freshman. Jewel Hampton had 114 rushing yards a year ago in a win at Indiana. The Hawkeyes had seven true freshmen play a year ago. Iowa also had seven true freshmen play in 2003 and 2000.

Senior RB Jayme Murphy, sophomore RB Jewel Hampton and Junior DB Jordan Bernstine will miss the 2009 season due to injuries. Bernstine (5-11, 205) was listed as a first team cornerback following spring practice before suffering an ankle injury at the start of fall drills. He saw action in seven games a year ago, recording 12 tackles. He had a pass interception against Michigan State. Bernstine did not use a redshirt at Iowa in 2007, recording nine tackles as a true freshman. Hampton (5-9, 210), who will miss the season with a knee injury, was listed as the first team running back following spring practice. He rushed 91 times for 463 yards and seven touchdowns in 2008 as a true freshman. The seven rushing touchdowns are an Iowa freshman record. Murphy (5-11, 210) will miss this season due to a back injury. Murphy had just seven rushing attempts a year ago but made his mark throughout his career with his outstanding play on Iowa’s special teams.


  • Ricky Stanzi emerged as Iowa’s starting quarterback after four games in 2008.
  • Stanzi began his junior season by completing 22-34 passes for 242 yards and a touchdown in an opening win over Northern Iowa.
  • Stanzi had a career-best four TD passes against Iowa State. He previously had three scoring strikes in two games last season.
  • He completed 18-34 passes for 197 yards at Iowa State and has thrown at least one touchdown pass in 10 of Iowa’s last 13 games. He completed 20-32 passes for 205 yards vs. Arizona, but did not have a touchdown pass.
  • Stanzi ranks 12th in career passing with 2,735 yards. He has completed 210-358 career passes, with 19 touchdowns.
  • Stanzi completed 15-25 passes for 171 yards and a touchdown, including engineering Iowa’s 15-play, 57-yard game-winning drive in the final minutes, vs. then-No. 3 Penn State last year.
  • Stanzi completed 15-28 passes for a career-high 255 yards and three touchdowns in the regular season finale at Minnesota.
  • Stanzi completed 13-19 passes for 147 yards and a touchdown in his first bowl game, a 31-10 win over South Carolina in the 2009 Outback Bowl.
  • Stanzi completed 150-254 (.591) passes for 1,956 yards and 14 touchdowns in 2008.

Sophomore DB Tyler Sash had an interception and 41 yard return to set up a field goal in the win over Arizona. With the return, Sash established a new Iowa record for career interception return yards with 251. The previous best of 202 yards (18 interceptions) was held by Devon Mitchell. Sash tied Iowa’s single game record with three interceptions in the win at Iowa State (63 return yards). Sash has four interceptions for 104 yards (104 yards) through four games. He tied for the team lead last season with five interceptions for 147 yards. He has seven interceptions in Iowa’s last six games. The Iowa single season record is eight interceptions and the career mark is 18 interceptions. Sash was named co-Defensive Player of the Week in the Big Ten for his play in the win at Iowa State.

Junior punter Ryan Donahue started the season on a high note, averaging 42.8 yards on five punts in Iowa’s opening win. He averaged 39 yards on four punts at Iowa State and had a 51-yard average on five punts vs. Arizona. Donahue had a long of 56 yards against Northern Iowa and a 57-yard boot at Iowa State. He had a 62-yard punt vs. Arizona as four of his five punts covered at least 50 yards. Iowa’s opponents have six punt returns for 24 net yards. He has at least one punt of over 50 yards in 12 of Iowa’s last 15 games. He is on the Ray Guy Watch List this season. Donahue was named co-Special Teams Player of the Week in the Big Ten for his play in the win over Arizona.

Junior DE Adrian Clayborn had a second straight solid week of play in Iowa’s win at Penn State. He blocked a Penn State punt and had a 53-yard return for the touchdown that gave Iowa an 11-10 advantage in the fourth period. Clayborn was named Big Ten and espn.com’s Big Ten special teams Player of the Week. Clayborn played a solid game in Iowa’s win over Arizona, being recognized on espn.com’s website as the defensive player of the week in the Big Ten. Against Arizona he collected six tackles, including one QB sack, and he also had a forced fumble and three QB pressures. With Clayborn leading the way, Iowa held Arizona to 94 yards total offense in the second half of the 27-17 win.

Redshirt freshman Adam Robinson continues to lead Iowa’s rushing attack. Robinson rushed 19 times for 88 yards in the win at Penn State. He had a 13-yard touchdown run in the fourth period to give Iowa an 18-10 advantage, which marked the first rushing touchdown allowed by Penn State this season. Robinson had all 24 yards in the scoring drive that gave Iowa an eight point advantage. Robinson had the first 100-yard game of his career against Arizona, rushing 18 times for 101 yards and two scores. He had a career-best 43 yard run vs. Arizona to set up an Iowa touchdown in the second period. For the season he has rushed 64 times for 321 yards and four touchdowns (5.0 per carry). He also has 48 yards on four pass receptions.

Seven Hawkeye players are listed on 10 different pre-season “Watch Lists” for individual national awards. Those players include senior LB Pat Angerer (Butkus Award, Chuck Bednarik Award and Lott Trophy), junior OL Bryan Bulaga (Outland Trophy and Rotary Lombardi Award), junior P Ryan Donahue (Ray Guy Award), senior OLB A.J. Edds (Butkus Award), senior TE Tony Moeaki (John Mackey Award), junior DB Amari Spievey (Jim Thorpe Award) and junior QB Ricky Stanzi (Manning Award). Iowa is one of three football programs (joining Oklahoma and Texas) to have five different individual players earn national Player of the Year honors at their position since 2002.


  • Senior TE Tony Moeaki collected a career-best 10 receptions in the win over Northern Iowa. Moeaki gained 83 receiving yards and scored on a six-yard reception early in the fourth period to give the Hawkeyes a 17-13 advantage. Moeaki is among the pre-season candidates for the John Mackey Award. Moeaki battled through injuries, again, in 2008, finishing with 13 catches for 144 yards and one touchdown, in nine contests. He has accumulated 57 receptions for 653 yards and eight touchdowns during his injury-plagued collegiate career. He also did not play in Iowa’s most recent two games due to injury.
  • Junior WR Johnson-Koulianos led Iowa in receptions (44) and receiving yards (639) and was second in kickoff returns (9-178-19.8) in 2008. DJK’s career numbers include 89 receptions for 1,232 yards and six touchdowns, including an 18-yard scoring reception at Iowa State. He is tied for 20th in career receptions and ranks 26th in career receiving yards.
  • Senior WR Trey Stross had three receptions for 61 yards against Northern Iowa. He led Iowa with four receptions for 69 yards at Iowa State and added four receptions for 37 yards against Arizona. Stross ranked fifth in team receiving in 2008, collecting 13 receptions for 109 yards and a touchdown, in 11 games. He has 53 career receptions for 737 yards and six scores. DB Brett Greenwood collected 12 tackles against Northern Iowa, just two shy of his career high. Greenwood had five solo tackles and added one pass break-up. Greenwood collected two of Iowa’s five pass interceptions in the win at Iowa State and added two pass break-ups. He ranks fourth on the team with 26 tackles in four games.
  • After leading the team in tackles a year ago, senior LB Pat Angerer led the defense in Iowa’s win at Penn State. Angerer recorded 14 tackles (four solo) to lead the team. His interception and 38-yard return in the fourth quarter led to an Iowa touchdown and he also caused a fumble to stop another potential Penn State scoring drive. Angerer recorded 12 tackles vs. Northern Iowa and four stops against Iowa State. Angerer led Iowa with 107 tackles while playing in all 13 games in 2008. He leads the team with 36 tackles in four games this season.
  • Junior CB Amari Spievey was a busy man for the Hawkeyes in the season opener. While starting his 14th straight game, Spievey recorded eight tackles and two pass break-ups. Spievey also was used on punt returns and KO returns. Spievey added four solo tackles and one KO return at Iowa State. He is on the pre-season Watch List for the Jim Thorpe Award. He added four tackles in the win over Arizona, including a tackle that saved a touchdown on a 58-yard run. Spievey made the tackle at the one and Arizona was forced to kick a field goal when the game was tied 7-7 in the second period. He added six tackles and a pass break-up in the win at Penn State and has 22 tackles through four games.
  • True freshman RB Brandon Wegher scored the first touchdown of his career in the third period on a one-yard run at Iowa State. Wegher ended the game with 15 carries for 101 yards and had two pass receptions for 17 yards. Iowa has had a true freshman rush for over 100 yards for the second straight season. Jewel Hampton had 114 yards at Indiana last season. Wegher is averaging 55 rushing yards per game and 4.8 yards per carry. He also has four receptions for 24 yards and a 25-yard KO return.
  • Junior DE Broderick Binns had a solid game in Iowa’s win at Penn State. His QB sack in the second period forced a PSU fumble in the endzone, which resulted in a safety for Iowa’s first points of the game. Binns collected eight tackles in the game, including 2.5 tackles for loss and 1.5 QB sacks, to go with his caused fumble. Binns had nine tackles in Iowa’s win at Iowa State.
  • Sophomore LB Bruce Davis is making a name for himself on Iowa’s special teams. Davis is on the front line on Iowa’s kickoff and kick return teams. He recovered an onside kick by Iowa State early in that game, which led to Iowa’s first touchdown of the day. Last season Davis recovered the mishandled kickoff at the end of the game, sealing Iowa’s upset win over Penn State.
  • Junior LB Jeremiha Hunter has been a steady performer through Iowa’s first four games. He ranks second on the team with 33 tackles, recovered a fumble in the win at Iowa State and may have come up with the biggest play of the season so far when he blocked a second field goal attempt by Northern Iowa on the final play of a 17-16 Iowa win. The native of York, PA matched his career-best with 12 tackles in the win at Penn State, including 1.5 tackles for loss. Hunter also had 12 tackles in Iowa’s 2008 upset of the Nittany Lions in Iowa City.

Iowa posted three offensive plays (two pass completions, one run) that resulted in 20 yards or more against Penn State, plus a 53-yard blocked punt return, a 38-yard interception return and four KO returns of 20 yards or more. Iowa has 11 pass plays and three rushing attempts over 20 yards in its four games. Iowa’s defense has allowed seven offensive plays (four passing, three rushing) of 20 yards or more.

Iowa has been outscored 23-17 in the first period. The Hawkeyes hold a 19-10 advantage in the second period, lead 24-3 in the third period and 40-10 in the fourth period.

Iowa averaged 5.3 yards on 27 first down plays, 3.9 yards on 22 second down plays and 4.8 yards on 14 third down plays against Penn State. For the season, Iowa is averaging 5.0 yards on first down, 4.3 yards on second down, 6.7 on third down and one yard on fourth down.

Iowa averaged 6.3 plays, 28.7 yards and 2:32 elapsed time on three scoring drives in the win at Penn State. Iowa’s only touchdown drive in that win covered 24 yards in three plays and 1:13 in elapsed time. In four games, Iowa’s 16 scoring drives have averaged seven plays, 50.3 yards and 3:28 in elapsed time. Iowa’s opponents have had nine scoring drives, averaging 9.3 plays, 56.6 yards and 4:05 elapsed time.

Iowa is 13-14 in the red zone (11 TDs), not scoring in the red zone at the end of the 35-3 win at Iowa State. The Hawkeyes have scored on 44 of their last 46 red zone possessions (30 TDs and 14 FGs) dating back to the Michigan State game in 2008. Iowa is 25-26 combined inside the red zone in its last six games. Northern Iowa was a perfect 4-4 in the red zone, collecting three field goals and one touchdown, while Iowa State did not reach the red zone in game two. Arizona was 2-2 in the red zone, with one passing touchdown and a field goal and Penn State scored a field goal on its only trip inside the red zone.

Iowa scored 13 points after collecting four turnovers (2 interceptions, one fumble, one blocked punt) in the win at Penn State. For the season, Iowa has scored 47 points (six TDs, two FGs) following 13 opponent turnovers (nine interceptions, three fumbles, one blocked punt). Iowa has been guilty of seven turnovers (five interceptions, two fumbles). Iowa opponents have scored 16 points (one touchdown on interception return, three field goals) following those turnovers.

Iowa returns 48 lettermen from 2008, including 22 on offense, 22 on defense and four specialists. The 48 lettermen are four less than the 52 that returned in 2008. The Hawkeyes return six starters on offense, eight on defense and their place kicker and punter. The lettermen breakdown includes five three-year lettermen, 22 two-year lettermen and 21 one-year lettermen. The total roster has 117 players, and includes 15 seniors, 30 juniors, 25 sophomores, 23 redshirt freshmen and 24 true freshmen. The depth chart includes 10 seniors, 20 juniors, 14 sophomores and five redshirt freshmen.

Iowa returns seven players who earned all-Big Ten honors a year ago. That list includes LB Pat Angerer, OL Bryan Bulaga, OL Kyle Calloway, P Ryan Donahue and CB Amari Spievey, who were second team honorees by either the coaches or media. LB A.J. Edds and FS Brett Greenwood earned honorable mention accolades.

Iowa’s returning offensive linemen have combined to start 119 games throughout their careers. Seniors Rafael Eubanks has started 29 games and senior Kyle Calloway has 28 starts. Others with starting experience include Bryan Bulaga (19), Julian Vandervelde (18), Dace Richardson (13), Dan Doering (6), Andy Kuempel (2) Adam Gettis (1) and Riley Reiff (3). In addition, senior Travis Meade started five games as an offensive lineman before moving to defense for his final season.


  • Five of Iowa’s eight 2008 Big Ten games were decided in the final minutes of play, including wins over Penn State and Purdue and losses to Northwestern, Michigan State and Illinois. Iowa’s 2009 opening win over Northern Iowa was not decided until the final play of the game and the win at Penn State was an eight point difference until eight seconds remained.
  • At Penn State, Iowa held an 18-10 advantage late in the fourth period before an interception and a field goal with eight second remaining sealed the win.
  • In the win over Northern Iowa, the Hawkeyes blocked field goal attempts on UNI’s final two plays of the game, the second with one second remaining.
  • In a 22-17 loss to Northwestern, Iowa had a first and goal at the Wildcat eight-yard line but failed to convert and Northwestern took over with 1:08 remaining.
  • In a 16-13 loss at Michigan State, Iowa failed to convert a fourth and one at the MSU 21-yard line and the Spartans took over with 2:10 remaining.
  • In a 27-24 loss at Illinois, Iowa tied the game at 24 with 2:46 to play before Illinois kicked the winning field goal with 24 seconds left in the game.
  • In a 24-23 win over No. 3 Penn State, Iowa scored the game winning 31-yard field goal with one second remaining.
  • In a 22-17 win over Purdue, the Boilermakers reached the Iowa 27-yard line in the final seconds before a pass into the end zone was incomplete as time expired.
  • In non-conference play, Iowa lost by a single point (21-20) at Pittsburgh when the Panthers took the lead early in the fourth quarter.

Iowa, in 2008, ranked fourth in the country in interceptions (23), fifth in scoring defense (13.0) and pass efficiency defense (98.32), ninth in rushing defense (94.0), 12th in total defense (291.3) and 19th in red zone defense (76%). Iowa’s defense forced 67 punts, 42 three-and-outs (31.4%), blocked a field goal (Northwestern) and a punt (Wisconsin) and collected a safety (Maine). Iowa’s defense allowed only seven rushing touchdowns in 2008, which ties the Iowa record for fewest in a single-season (1981 and 1984). Iowa recorded 23 interceptions to tie a school single-season record (23 in 1986). Nine different Hawkeyes intercepted at least one pass in 2008 and Iowa had 439 return yards (and one touchdown).


  • Iowa is one of 10 college football programs in the nation to compete in at least five January bowl games over the last seven seasons. Iowa has been bowl eligible in each of the last eight seasons. The Hawkeyes have played in seven bowl games since 2001, including the 2001 Alamo Bowl, 2003 Orange bowl, 2004 Outback Bowl, 2005 Capital One Bowl, 2006 Outback Bowl, 2006 Alamo Bowl and 2009 Outback Bowl.
  • Iowa is one of three football programs (joining Oklahoma and Texas) to have five different individual players earn national Player of the Year honors at their position since 2002. Iowa’s national award winners have been: Robert Gallery (2003 Outland, Top Lineman); Brad Banks (2002 Davey O’Brien, Top Quarterback; 2002 Associated Press National Player of the Year); Dallas Clark (2002 Mackey, Top Tight End); Nate Kaeding (2002 Groza, Top Kicker); Shonn Greene (2008 Doak Walker, Top Running Back).
  • Iowa has placed in the Big Ten Conference first division in seven of the past eight seasons, winning the league title in 2002 and 2004.
  • Over the past eight plus years, Iowa is 50-7 when leading at the half and 55-6 when leading after three quarters. Iowa trailed at halftime and after three quarters in two of its four wins this season.
  • Iowa sold out six of its seven home games in 2008 and the 2009 opening game vs. Northern Iowa. The Hawkeyes have sold out 38 of their last 39 games, dating back to the 2003 season. The last Iowa game not sold out was vs. Purdue (Nov. 15, 2008). That ended a 36-game consecutive sellout streak that began vs. Buffalo (Sept. 6, 2003).
  • Iowa’s four losses in 2008 came by a combined 12 points (21-20 at Pittsburgh, 22-17 vs. Northwestern, 16-13 at Michigan State and 27-24 at Illinois). Three of the four losses were on the road.
  • Iowa won all three traveling trophy games in 2008. The Hawkeyes defeated Iowa State 17-5 to gain possession of the Cy-Hawk Trophy, Wisconsin 38-16 to claim the Heartland Trophy and Minnesota 55-0 to keep Floyd of Rosedale. Iowa’s 35-3 win at Iowa State on Sept. 12 keeps the Cy-Hawk Trophy in Iowa City.

The Sporting News ranked Iowa’s Kinnick Stadium as the best college football stadium in the Big Ten Conference in its pre-season publication. Kinnick Stadium was also selected as the best stadium in the Big Ten by the Sporting News in 2007.

Iowa Head Coach Kirk Ferentz and his son, James, are believed to be one of only seven father-son duos in Division I in 2009. They join Bobby Petrino and sons Nick and Bobby from Arkansas, Dan Hawkins and his son Cody from Colorado, Pat Hill and his son Zak from Fresno State, Tommy West and his son Turner from Memphis, Scott Downing and his son Andrew from Northern Colorado, and Steve Spurrier and son Scott from South Carolina. In addition, Akron defensive coordinator Jim Fleming has a son, Will, playing at Akron, Oregon State assistant Joe Seumalo has a son, Andrew, playing at Oregon State, Rice assistant Darrell Patterson has a son, Michael, who plays for the Owls, Western Illinois def. coordinator Mark Hendrickson, a former Iowa assistant coach, has a son, Myers, who plays for WIU, Fresno State defensive coordinator Randy Steward has a son, Taylor, on the Fresno State team and San Jose State defensive coordinator Keith Burns has a son, Tanner, on the San Jose State team. Arizona State head Coach Dennis Erickson has a son, Bryce, who is the ASU running backs coach and Northern Colorado offensive coordinator Dennis Darnell has a son, Pete, who is the Northern Colorado quarterbacks coach. Tennessee Coach Lane Kiffin’s father, Monte, is the Tennessee defensive coordinator.

Iowa football Coach Kirk Ferentz (2002) and men’s basketball Coach Todd Lickliter (2007) have each been recognized as national Coach of the Year in their respective sports. Only six other Division I programs currently have coaches in those sports that have earned that distinction. The schools include Florida (Urban Meyer and Billy Donovan); Florida State (Bobby Bowden and Leonard Hamilton); Illinois (Ron Zook and Bruce Weber); Kansas (Mark Mangino and Bill Self): Maryland (Ralph Friedgen and Gary Williams) and Southern Methodist (June Jones and Matt Doherty).

Larry Station, the former University of Iowa linebacker who compiled nearly 500 career tackles and twice was named consensus All-American, has been elected to the College Football Hall of Fame. Station is the 14th former Hawkeye player or coach to earn the honor and the first since Hayden Fry in 2003. Fry was Station’s coach at Iowa from 1982-85. The Hall of Fame class will be inducted at the National Football Foundation’s Annual Awards Dinner on Dec. 8, 2009, in New York City. The recipients will be officially enshrined at the Hall of Fame in South Bend, IN, in the summer of 2010. Station will be recognized at Kinnick Stadium Oct. 10 as Iowa hosts Michigan for Homecoming.

Iowa’s roster of 117 players includes 56 players from Iowa. The roster includes 17 players from Illinois; 13 from Ohio; four from Florida; three from Indiana, Minnesota, Missouri and New Jersey; two from Pennsylvania, Nebraska, Texas and Wisconsin, one from Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, Massachusetts, Montana, South Dakota and Canada.

Junior WR Paul Chaney, Jr. is the lightest Hawkeye player at 167 pounds. Senior OL Kyle Calloway and junior OL Bryan Bulaga are the heaviest at 315 pounds. A total of eight Hawkeye players are listed over 300 pounds. The tallest players, at 6-7, are Calloway and OL Andy Kuempel, while the shortest players, at 5-9, are Chaney, Jr., sophomore RB Jewel Hampton and redshirt freshman RB Adam Robinson. The average Hawkeye player is 6-2 and weighs 231 pounds. That is the exact same height and two pounds lighter than the average Iowa player in 2008.

Four members of the Iowa coaching staff have coached or played in the Rose Bowl. Kirk Ferentz coached in two Rose Bowl games while on the Iowa staff. Norm Parker and Phil Parker both coached in the Rose Bowl while on the staff at Michigan State. Erik Campbell played in one Rose Bowl during his Michigan career and coached in four others while on the Wolverine coaching staff.

Statistics and play-by-play accounts of every Iowa football game are available live on the Internet. The statistical program allows viewers to read the play-by-play action just moments after it takes place, and to view all individual and team statistics while the game is in progress. The program can be accessed through hawkeyesports.com and then clicking on the GT link. This feature is available for all home games and most road contests during the 2009 campaign.

The weekly television replay show, featuring Iowa Football Coach Kirk Ferentz, is a 30-minute program, which includes Iowa football highlights and weekly features about the University of Iowa football program. Gary Dolphin, the radio play-by-play voice of the Iowa Hawkeyes, hosts the show. Consult local listings for day and time.

Kirk Ferentz RADIO SHOW
Iowa Coach Kirk Ferentz is featured on “Hawk Talk with Kirk Ferentz” each week. The 90-minute radio call-in show is hosted by Gary Dolphin, the play-by-play voice of the Iowa Hawkeyes. The show airs each Wednesday evening at 7 p.m. from Carlos O’Kelly’s in Iowa City.

Iowa returns to Big Ten action next week, hosting Michigan (7:12 p.m., ABC/ESPN) in the annual homecoming game. Iowa then travels to Wisconsin (11 a.m., TBA) Oct. 17 for Wisconsin’s homecoming.